Case Studies

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PPG SIGMASHIELD™ 1200: Caspian Offshore Construction, Kazakhstan

Caspian Offshore Construction has an extensive fleet of offshore support vessels and offers a wide range of marine offshore support services of marine vessels, as well as the supervision of new-builds and the modernization of existing vessels. The main issue was the problem in planning the scheduled dry dock repair for the icebreakers as the customer had specified the need for a twin-feed spray pump to apply a competitor’s product to protect the hulls from the impact of ice.

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PPG SIGMASHIELD™ 1200: Caspian Offshore Construction, Kazakhstan

PPG PITT-CHAR® XP and PPG SIGMASHIELD™: North Caspian Operating Company N.V.

NCOC is the operator of the giant Kashagan offshore oilfield located in the northern part of the Caspian Sea. The customer had two essential requirements for the two offshore EPC modules 2 and 3. Firstly, we had to offer a wide range of protective coatings, including PFP, in this aggressive offshore environment. Secondly, we had to provide local technical and supply chain support with compliance to international standards and specifications.

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PPG PITT-CHAR® XP and PPG SIGMASHIELD™: North Caspian Operating Company N.V.

PPG PSX 700®: Adelaide Oval Riverbank Stand, Adelaide, South Australia

Long-lasting corrosion protection, exceptional color and gloss retention, visual appearance, and the preservation of the Oval’s heritage were key factors in the owner’s specification. To satisfy the SMA’s comprehensive requirement, we recommended the PPG PSX 700 engineered polysiloxane.

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PPG PSX 700®: Adelaide Oval Riverbank Stand, Adelaide, South Australia

PPG SIGMASHIELD 880XS: Port of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

The project required a coating to meet the AS/NZS 3750 ultra-high-build epoxy standard, which required a minimum of 1,500 μm dry-film thickness (DFT) in a single application. In order to provide the customer with the most effective protection, along with meeting the stringent delivery schedule, we proposed the PPG SIGMASHIELD 880XS ultra-high solids, pure epoxy coating.

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PPG SIGMASHIELD 880XS: Port of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

PPG HI-TEMP 1027: BASF Antwerpen NV, Antwerp, Belgium

PPG chose the PPG HI-TEMP 1027 coating as a high-value solution for the vessel. The vessel was blasted with non-metallic grit to ensure good adhesion and then coated with other products.

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PPG HI-TEMP 1027<sup>™</sup>: BASF Antwerpen NV, Antwerp, Belgium

PPG PSX 700®: Rio Tinto Dampier Salt Jetty, Cape Cuvier, Australia

DSL was seeking a solution that would extend the jetty’s 25-year life span. The wooden decking needed to be replaced, as it was no longer a viable option. After a comprehensive evaluation, fiber reinforced plastic (FRP) panels were chosen, which were lighter in weight, with superior strength to wood, and would meet the required 25-year lifespan.

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PPG PSX 700®: Rio Tinto Dampier Salt Jetty, Cape Cuvier, Australia

PPG SIGMAGLIDE® 1290: GASLOG LNG Services Ltd.

PPG Protective & Marine Coatings (PPG) was invited by GASLOG in September, 2014 to specify its best fouling release coating system for six LNG vessels previously coated with a competitor’s fouling release coating. Overcoating a competitor fouling release coating is always a challenge due to the different, related technologies.

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PPG SIGMAGLIDE® 1290: GASLOG LNG Services Ltd.

PPG SIGMAGLIDE® and PPG SIGMA NEXEON™: Songa Shipmanagement Ltd., Glasgow

After a thorough analysis of the customer's requirements, PPG finally went with a 36-month 'hybrid' system comprising the PPG SIGMAGLIDE 1290 fouling release for the vertical sides and the PPG SIGMA NEXEON 710 coating for the flat bottom. The dry docking had a very short lead time of under 14 days and was awarded against a number of very competitive offerings.

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PPG SIGMAGLIDE® and PPG SIGMA NEXEON™: Songa Shipmanagement Ltd., Glasgow

PPG PSX 700®: Burnett River Bridge, Queensland, Australia

To meet RoadTek’s specific criteria, PPG Protective & Marine Coatings (PPG) proposed the PPG PSX 700 coating system, which has a 20-year track record, as the ideal solution. The PPG PSX 700 coating system proposed for this project comprised: PPG SIGMAZINC 109HS high-solids, zinc-rich epoxy primer; PPG AMERLOCK® 400 MIO high-solids, micaceous iron oxide coating; PPG PSX 700 engineered polysiloxane coating.

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PPG PSX 700®: Burnett River Bridge, Queensland, Australia

PPG SIGMACOVER™ 380: Carisbrooke Shipping, China

PPG Protective & Marine Coatings (PPG) has a long- standing relationship with Carisbrooke Shipping having delivered coatings to the company’s new-building vessels constructed in a number of European and Far Eastern countries. Building on this close relationship, all vessels in this series at Jiangsu Yangzijiang were allocated to PPG for the provision of coating systems on their internal and external surfaces. The system applied at the new-building stage in China was PPG SIGMACOVER 380.

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PPG SIGMACOVER™ 380: Carisbrooke Shipping, China

PPG SIGMADUR™ ONE: Wagenborg Shipping, Delfzijl, The Netherlands

Wagenborg Shipping was looking for a coating system for their L-series vessels. The main requirement was that the system should be easier to apply for onboard staff. PPG proposed the PPG SIGMADUR ONE single-pack finish coat to reduce the coating process complexity and make it easy for the crew to apply the coating and simplify stock control. Since the application of the PPG SIGMADUR ONE system, Wagenborg has seen much improved results in maintaining their vessels.

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PPG SIGMADUR™ ONE: Wagenborg Shipping, Delfzijl, The Netherlands

PPG PSX® 700: Danser van Gent Shipping, Delfzijl, The Netherlands

For the Marietje Nora, Danser van Gent were looking for a durable and robust coating system. PPG proposed the PPG PSX 700 system to meet the customer’s criteria. Since its introduction in 2003, the PPG PSX 700 system has been widely acclaimed by customers for its long- term durability and outstanding performance in harsh conditions. The PPG PSX 700 topcoat delivers unrivaled performance while complying with the most exacting VOC regulations.

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PPG PSX® 700: Danser van Gent Shipping, Delfzijl, The Netherlands

PPG SIGMALINE® 403: Gasunie Gas Pipeline Network

As they face increasing operational costs, companies like Gasunie rely on PPG to provide the most effective, long-term protective solution. After 22 years’ service, the PPG SIGMALINE 403 coating showed very good performance without any coating defects.

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PPG SIGMALINE® 403: Gasunie Gas Pipeline Network

PPG SIGMALINE® 855: Africa Pipe Industries: pipelines for Rand Water

Rand Water is the largest bulk water utility in Africa and is one of the largest in the world, providing bulk potable water to more than 11 million people in Gauteng, parts of Mpumalanga, the Free State and North West – an area that stretches over 18,000 km2. API required a partner with the capability to provide just-in-time coating deliveries and solutions that met international standards for potable water pipelines.

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PPG SIGMALINE® 855: Africa Pipe Industries: pipelines for Rand Water

PPG SIGMALINE® 415: Internal Pipeline Refurbishment for Middle East Oil Major

On this project, as with many others, the challenge was to deliver the most cost-effective system compared to alternatives, supported by highly technical solutions, technical support and advice. The overall aim for the pipeline refurbishment was not simply a ‘quick-fix’ but to offer a long-lasting solution that would help reduce the total cost of ownership. The PPG SIGMALINE 415 epoxy coating was identified as the ideal solution.

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PPG SIGMALINE® 415: Internal Pipeline Refurbishment for Middle East Oil Major

PPG SIGMAPRIME® 700: Chandris Hellas, Greece

The PPG SIGMAPRIME 700 universal primer was applied to the Mariloula bulk carrier, the first vessel built under the IMO PSPC rules. The PPG SIGMAPRIME 700 primer is specially designed to provide excellent and long-lasting cracking resistance, even after multiple immersion and temperature cycles. It is not only an ideal choice for the harsh water ballast area but also a coating solution that reduces complexity during the new-building period.

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PPG SIGMAPRIME® 700: Chandris Hellas, Greece

PPG SIGMASHIELD™ 1200: Wagenborg Shipping B.V., Delfzijl, The Netherlands

The B-Class vessels Balticborg and Bothniaborg operate between The Netherlands, Germany, Sweden and the UK to a tight schedule with very limited maintenance time. They also face severe ice conditions in winter, so the hulls need excellent, long-lasting protection to ensure reliable, economical performance levels. PPG SIGMASHIELD 1200 was therefore specified to minimize damage, reduce subsequent repair costs and improve operational efficiency.

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PPG SIGMASHIELD™ 1200: Wagenborg Shipping B.V., Delfzijl, The Netherlands

PPG PITT-CHAR® XP: Refineria de Cartagena S.A., Cartagena, ColombiaPITT-CHAR® XP: Refineria de Cartagena S.A., Cartagena, Colombia

Using plural-airless spray equipment, the first layer of PPG PITT-CHAR XP epoxy intumescent coating was applied and steel mesh reinforcement was installed on the flange tips to the UL 1709 2-hour fire rating. A second layer of the PPG PITT-CHAR XP coating was applied over the mesh and rolled to an aesthetic finish. Lastly, a layer of urethane topcoat was applied to protect the coating system from high humidity and sunlight in the coastal region of Columbia where the refinery is located.

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PPG PITT-CHAR® XP: Refineria de Cartagena S.A., Cartagena, ColombiaPITT-CHAR® XP: Refineria de Cartagena S.A., Cartagena, Colombia

PPG SIGMADUR™ ONE: Stena Line B.V., Hoek van Holland, The Netherlands

We proposed the PPG SIGMADUR ONE finish coat to reduce the coating process complexity and make it easy for the Stena Transporter crew to apply the coating and simplify stock control. The PPG SIGMADUR ONE coating is an ideal, user-friendly, heavy-duty finish to support crew members during onboard maintenance. Instead of a typical two-pack finish, it comes in one pack, so no mixing is required, which saves time and reduces mistakes during application.

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PPG SIGMADUR™ ONE: Stena Line B.V., Hoek van Holland, The Netherlands

PPG SIGMASHIELD™ 880: ZPMC Steel Fabrication, Nantong, China

The PPG SIGMASHIELD 880 coating was selected because of its ease of application, fast-drying capability and ultimate performance, including excellent corrosion- and seawater resistance. The PPG SIGMASHIELD 880 coating’s high-film thickness capability in one coat allows for efficient fabrication application providing labor- and cost efficiency.

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PPG SIGMASHIELD™ 880: ZPMC Steel Fabrication, Nantong, China

PPG SIGMASHIELD™ 880: Changshan Thermoelectric Plant

The PPG SIGMASHIELD 880 coating’s superior water immersion resistance and abrasion resistance makes it the ideal product to protect both the interior and exterior of the large Changshan water circulating pipes.

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PPG SIGMASHIELD™ 880: Changshan Thermoelectric Plant

PPG SIGMASHIELD™ 880: ZPMC Wind Structures, Nantong, China

Applicators applied the PPG SIGMASHIELD 880 GF coating using airless equipment at a thickness of 400 microns (16 mils). A second coat of PPG SIGMASHIELD 880 GF coating was applied in the same manner at a thickness of 350 microns (14 mils).

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PPG SIGMASHIELD™ 880: ZPMC Wind Structures, Nantong, China

PPG SIGMAFAST™ 278: Metaldeza hydraulic central power pipe, Pontevedra, Spain

The PPG SIGMAFAST 278 product, with its innovative phenalkamine technology, provides excellent protection for a number of different environments and was chosen as the optimal solution from the PPG range. The coating is easy to apply with airless equipment and provides excellent fast-drying times, being touch-dry after 1 hour and ready for overcoating after 2 hours, resulting in a quicker application process.

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PPG SIGMAFAST™ 278: Metaldeza hydraulic central power pipe, Pontevedra, Spain

PPG PITT-CHAR® XP: Compañia Española de Petroleos S.A (CEPSA), Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain

Surfaces were prepared by abrasive blasting to Sa2 according to ISO 8501-1. A layer of PPG SIGMACOVER 522 primer was applied to 75-100 microns (3-4 mils). PPG FOAMGLAS® was installed to insulate and protect the tank against temperatures of -170°C/-274°F due to the propane gas storage. For fire protection, the legs and sphere were covered with PPG PITT-CHAR XP.

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PPG PITT-CHAR® XP: Compañia Española de Petroleos S.A (CEPSA), Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain

PPG SIGMASHIELD™ 880: Pertamina Refinery Unit IV, Cilacap, Indonesia

PPG SIGMASHIELD 880 coating was selected because of its abrasion- and corrosion resistant performance, easy application characteristics and as it can be rapidly immersed into splash and tidal zones. Minimal surface preparation was required for the Pertamina jetty, the PPG SIGMASHIELD 880 coating’s ability to be applied to a damp surface, and prepared using hand tool chipping and a wire brush to ISO St2 standards, saved labor and time. A single coat, 425 microns (17 mils), was applied.

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PPG SIGMASHIELD™ 880: Pertamina Refinery Unit IV, Cilacap, Indonesia

PPG SIGMASHIELD™ 880: Pertamina Refinery Unit V, Balikpapan, Indonesia

PPG SIGMASHIELD 880 coating was selected because of its abrasion-, corrosion- and seawater resistance, its faster drying time and its high film thickness in a single coat. The tight spaces and convoluted geometry of the Petramina fender structure required a coating that could be applied with ease and also reduce the time interval to recoating. PPG SIGMASHIELD 880 coating was easily applied using airless spray and achieved the necessary thickness to provide durability in a single coat.

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PPG SIGMASHIELD™ 880: Pertamina Refinery Unit V, Balikpapan, Indonesia

PPG STEELGUARD™: Wembley Stadium, London

PPG Protective & Marine Coatings proposed and supplied the anticorrosive and fire protective coating system for all externally and internally exposed steelwork. A combination of PPG SIGMAFAST 302, PPG SIGMACOVER 435, PPG SIGMACOVER 456 HS and PPG SIGMADUR 520 coatings were applied to the steel structures in order to provide a high level of protection.

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PPG STEELGUARD™: Wembley Stadium, London

PPG STEELGUARD™: Résidence Palace, Brussels, Belgium

PPG Protective & Marine Coatings worked with the steel contractor, International Metal Works (IMW) to secure the project. About 3,000 tons of steel was protected with cementitious material, with the rest needing a thin-film intumescent coating because of the building’s visual appearance. PPG supplied the complete fire protection system for the project including the primer and PPG STEELGUARD 2458 topcoat as well as the fire protection product.

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PPG STEELGUARD™: Résidence Palace, Brussels, Belgium

PPG STEELGUARD™: Atocha railway station, Madrid, Spain

The coatings contractor chose PPG Protective & Marine Coating’s option using the PPG STEELGUARD FM 585 water-based intumescent coating for this challenging project. Its ease of application, the absence of solvents in the atmosphere while work was ongoing (so there was no disturbance to the adjoining areas and no effect on passengers) and its competitive thickness were decisive.

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PPG STEELGUARD™: Atocha railway station, Madrid, Spain

PPG SIGMAFAST™ 278: Metaalbescherming Katwijk (MBK) / Invista, Rozenburg, Holland

PPG provided a robust, competitive protective solution for this new-build project with the PPG SIGMAFAST 278 system. Its innovative phenalkamine technology, low VOC content and two-layer application were major factors in the customer’s decision. The economical and efficient coating is easy to apply with airless equipment and produces excellent fast-drying times, being touch-dry after 1 hour and ready for overcoating after 2 hours, resulting in a quicker application process.

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PPG SIGMAFAST™ 278: Metaalbescherming Katwijk (MBK) / Invista, Rozenburg, Holland

PPG PHENGUARD™: d’Amico Società di Navigazione SpA, Rome, Italy

Over the past 30 years, the PPG PHENGUARD system has consistently given ship owners the ability to carry an exceptionally wide range of cargoes, including highly aggressive loads such as methanol, EDC and fatty acids. It is also resistant to hot water as well as grey water and galley waste. The PPG PHENGUARD three-coat system is easy to apply using standard shipyard practices, with a surface that remains smooth in service, enabling efficient cleaning.

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PPG PHENGUARD™: d’Amico Società di Navigazione SpA, Rome, Italy

PPG SIGMA ECOFLEET® 690: ESVAGT A/S, Denmark

In 2008 PPG Protective & Marine Coatings (PPG) started to work together with ESVAGT in order to provide a suitable solution for their fleet. Initially this involved test applications of our newly developed PPG SIGMA ECOFLEET 690 product and this in-depth development finally resulted in the first full application to one vessel in early 2011. Since then, the in-service operational results have been closely monitored to ensure that all the performance targets are being successfully met.

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PPG SIGMA ECOFLEET® 690: ESVAGT A/S, Denmark

PPG SIGMA ECOFLEET® 690: Allseas, Cantieri Navali Palermo, Italy

PPG Protective & Marine Coatings (PPG), created the PPG SIGMA ECOFLEET 690 product to deliver excellent self-polishing antifouling for extreme and aggressive fouling conditions. The SIGMA ECOFLEET 690 antifouling has been formulated using PPG’s unique patented binder technology ensuring consistent performance levels and fouling control for in-service periods of up to 60 months.

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PPG SIGMA ECOFLEET® 690: Allseas, Cantieri Navali Palermo, Italy

PPG SIGMA NEXEON™ 750: Odebrecht Oil and Gas Ltd. (OOG), Brazil

As an optimal coating for the protection of a vessel’s underwater hull from fouling and discoloration, the PPG SIGMA NEXEON 750 antifouling offers exceptional performance for static- and low-activity vessels at new-build.

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PPG SIGMA NEXEON™ 750: Odebrecht Oil and Gas Ltd. (OOG), Brazil

PPG SIGMA SAILADVANCE™ DX: Chandris Hellas, Greece

The high-performance silyl acrylate PPG SIGMA SAILADVANCE DX antifouling was chosen in May 2012 for application at the COSCO Dalian shipyard in China. In addition to keeping the ship’s hull free from fouling, the product’s silyl-acrylate polymer technology also contributes positively to the hydrodynamics of the ship’s hull by reducing hull frictional drag and, crucially, the amount of fuel consumed.

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PPG SIGMA SAILADVANCE™ DX: Chandris Hellas, Greece

PPG SIGMA SAILADVANCE™ DX: SCF Unicom, Cyprus

SCF Unicom chose PPG SIGMA SAILADVANCE DX in order to benefit from the excellent linear polishing and self-smoothing properties provided by the advanced silyl acrylate binder. The product is a premium self-polishing, self-smoothing silyl acrylate antifouling. In addition to keeping the hull free from fouling, its silyl-acrylate polymer technology also contributes positively to the hydrodynamics of the ship’s hull by reducing hull frictional drag and, crucially, the amount of fuel consumed.

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PPG SIGMA SAILADVANCE™ DX: SCF Unicom, Cyprus

PPG SIGMACARE® PLUS: Stena Line B.V., Hoek van Holland, The Netherlands

PPG has developed a unique online system: PPG SIGMACARE PLUS, which has been specifically designed to simplify onboard coatings management for vessels and large fleets. This revolutionary tool now makes it easier to carry out onboard maintenance for owners, vessel management and crew members. In essence, PPG SIGMACARE PLUS eliminates the complication often associated with onboard maintenance, maximizes efficiency and reduces waste in management time, onboard manpower and product usage.

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PPG SIGMACARE® PLUS: Stena Line B.V., Hoek van Holland, The Netherlands

PPG SIGMAGLIDE® 990: Svitzer, Baltija Shipbuilding in Lithuania

Acting in accordance with its stringent corporate focus to apply the latest innovations in marine protective coatings and, after extensive research and evaluation, the company chose the PPG SIGMAGLIDE 990 biocide-free fouling release from PPG Protective & Marine Coatings. PPG is the only company with long and extensive experience in both premium silyl acrylate antifoulings and silicone-based fouling release coatings. This enables us to offer a bespoke solution for each customer.

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PPG SIGMAGLIDE® 990: Svitzer, Baltija Shipbuilding in Lithuania

PPG SIGMAGLIDE® 990: Neptune Lines, Piraeus, Greece

Fuel costs are a growing burden for the shipping industry. At PPG, we anticipated this trend and engineered the most advanced pure silicone fouling release system: the PPG SIGMAGLIDE 990 coating. This innovative system is formulated to help owners and operators save fuel costs, while at the same time improve their environmental footprint by reducing green house gas emissions and help them to achieve a biocide-free operation.

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PPG SIGMAGLIDE® 990: Neptune Lines, Piraeus, Greece

PPG SIGMAGLIDE® 990: Princess Cruises, Italy

PPG’s unrivaled knowledge in coating technology provides the ideal basis to increase a vessel’s profitability and productivity: the PPG SIGMAGLIDE biocide-free, silicone fouling release system, specially formulated to provide optimal hull smoothness. A key advantage over other technologies for ships in service is that the silicone fouling release system provides a smooth surface from the outset – so fuel savings are realized immediately.

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PPG SIGMAGLIDE® 990: Princess Cruises, Italy

PPG SIGMAGLIDE® 990: TTT Lines, Italy and Greece

At PPG, we foresaw the issue of rising fuel costs and developed the most advanced pure silicone fouling release system on the market: the PPG SIGMAGLIDE 990 coating. This innovative system helps owners and operators save fuel costs, while at the same time improves their environmental footprint by reducing GHG emissions and helps them to achieve a biocide-free operation.

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PPG SIGMAGLIDE® 990: TTT Lines, Italy and Greece

PPG SIGMAPRIME®: Claus-Peter Offen, Hamburg, Germany

Success or failure of coatings in service can influence the profitability rate at which a ship operates. Ship owners have to carefully consider the coating choices needed for each specific vessel area, taking into account factors such as service conditions as well as substrate type. PPG SIGMAPRIME is a high-quality epoxy primer designed to fit shipyard building practices and offer excellent long-term protection.

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PPG SIGMAPRIME®: Claus-Peter Offen, Hamburg, Germany

PPG SIGMASHIELD™ 1200: Bore Ltd, Finland

PPG Protective & Marine Coatings (PPG) offers two abrasion-resistant, ice coatings (PPG SIGMASHIELD 460 and PPG SIGMASHIELD 1200). These were selected based on the anticipated ice conditions during service life. The PPG SIGMASHIELD 1200 coating is based on a very hard filler composition, providing excellent anti-abrasion properties, and on a highly cross-linked phenolic epoxy technology, further extending the service life of the coating by tremendously increasing the creep resistance.

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PPG SIGMASHIELD™ 1200: Bore Ltd, Finland

PPG SIGMASHIELD™ System: Baggermaatschappij Boskalis B.V., The Netherlands

PPG Protective & Marine Coatings convinced Boskalis, after 2 years of extensive testing both in-house and externally, that PPG SIGMASHIELD products would provide the most durable coating solution for cargo holds. PPG applied a system comprising the PPG SIGMASHIELD 1090 product as an under layer with the PPG SIGMASHIELD 1200 coating as a finish layer on top to the Causeway.

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PPG SIGMASHIELD™ System: Baggermaatschappij Boskalis B.V., The Netherlands

Atocha

Fossil-fueled power plants are the most widespread electricity-generating technology and use various sources of hydrocarbons, such as coal, heavy fuel oil, vegetable oil and natural gas. Each type of plant has its own unique characteristics: high-operating temperatures of process equipment, the presence of petroleum products or chemicals and highly corrosive flue gases.

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Atocha

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